Canadian photographer R. John Knight shares the stories behind some of his nature and wildlife images

Tuesday, September 21, 2010

Mountain Bluebirds - Catch Me If You Can!

-->Throughout western Canada, particularly along side roads, many fence posts are topped by bird houses.  For most of the year, there is no activity at these bird houses, making one wonder why someone goes to all the effort to put them there.

While exploring the area east of Logan Lake and north towards Tunkwa Provincial Park, central British Columbia, mid-June 2009, we saw many such bird houses being used by Bluebirds and Swallows.

We stopped near one the bird houses late one afternoon.  For awhile, nothing happened, but then a female Bluebird settled onto the barbed-wire fence about 15 m away.  A little while later, a male landed atop a fence post about the same distance in the opposite direction.  Both sat, cautiously eyeing us.  After a while, they flew away.

Female with a mouthful of food
Male watching us carefully
This pattern was repeated several times, but they never came any closer.  We eventually concluded that they were uncomfortable with us being there, so we headed off. 

The next day, we setup near an active nest along a road that had more vehicle traffic.  It didn’t take long to see a male and a female fly in and perch about 15 m away on a tree branch, bush, or distant fence post, watching us.  After a while, the male flew to a closer fence post, then another.  With each pause, he carefully watched.  And then suddenly, for no apparent reason, he flew away.

When he returned, the process of inching towards us, fence post by fence post, was repeated.  Eventually, the male landed on the fence post directly opposite us.  He paused briefly, and then flew directly to the adjacent bird house.  As he flew by, we could see that his beak was loaded with bugs for the four hungry chicks in the nest.  Once he left, the female cautiously repeated the same flight path.

Male watching while the female visits the nest
Got to look good!
The adults took turns visiting the nest every few minutes.  If you listened carefully, you could hear the excited sounds of the chicks when one of the adults arrived.  

Yummy, yummy, a nice juicy grub!
While the adult’s flight paths were not exactly the same each time, there was a rough pattern as they approached the nest.   With this in mind, we decided to see if it was possible to photograph the birds in flight.  This was going to be a challenge because their flight speed was clearly too fast and erratic for a pan shot. 
With our photographic gear setup about 4-5 m from the fence post adjacent to the nest, we pre-focused our cameras at an imaginary window through which the Bluebirds had to fly either to land or take-off.  Initially, we tried focusing on the leading edge of the post, and then made slight adjustments for their assumed flight path.  When this didn’t work, one of us would walk over to the fence post when the adults were away, and hold a hand in the flight path for others focus on.

Then the first challenge was when to fire and hold the shutter down to catch the Bluebirds flying through your imaginary flight window.  During my initial attempts, nothing was captured.  After adjusting my timing, I managed to get a part of a Bluebird entering or leaving our imaginary window, but still nothing was in focus.  It took two half days of patience and adjustments to my timing and the camera’s focus to get one good image.  Thank goodness for digital cameras.

Finally caught one in flight!
For most of the year, there is little activity at these bird houses.  Once a nesting pair of birds arrives in the spring, these little bird houses become a centre of activity for a short period of time.  Thank you to the volunteers who install and maintain these bird houses.  It would be tough to get images of Mountain Bluebirds such as these without the bird houses.

Camera Setup:  Canon 5D MkII, 500 mm lens, Gitzo tripod with a Wimberley (or Mongoose) head.
Camera Settings:  Manual focus, 1/6400 at F5.0, ISO 400-800 depending on amount of sunlight, and 4 fps to stop the action and keep the background out of focus.

Monday, September 13, 2010

Loony Images, Lac Le Jeune, June 2009

All of my previous attempts to get close to loons were foiled by uncooperative subjects. When I signed up for yet another attempt with John Timmis and John Marriott, my family joked about what had happened during family camping and canoeing trips in the past.

We stayed at the Lac Le Jeune Resort which is situated about 29 km southwest of Kamloops.  Resort operator, Derick MacDonald, an avid ‘birder’ and nature photographer, provided good advice about where to look for nests, and when to expect the eggs to hatch.

Poised for action, patiently waiting.
We anchored our electric powered boat about 4-5 m from a nest at the west end of the lake. Of the three known nests around the lake with nesting loons, this one had been the first to drop her two eggs about a month earlier. With our long lenses mounted on tripods, we sat patiently and waited for something to happen.

Female sitting on two eggs.
The female seemed unaffected by our presence. She sat quietly and occasionally shifted her position, just as we had to do in our little boat. Several times during the day, she stood, and moved the eggs. Now and then, the male took a turn on the nest, giving the female an opportunity for a break and to feed elsewhere.

After two days of silent watching, the female suddenly began to gently fidget and squirm. Moments later, out popped the small black head of the first chick. A short time later, the male arrived, having been beckoned by some silent signal.

Within minutes of being hatched, the chick took to the water. While the father fed the chick with small critters that he retrieved from underwater, the mother quickly disposed of the egg shell in the water to hide any scent that might attract predators. When the chick became tired, it swam onto the back of one of the adults and took a nap.

Mother feeding firstborn chick.
Getting sleepy.
Shortly after, the adults resumed their routine of sitting with the remaining egg. The firstborn chick stayed either with an adult on the water, or back up into the protection of the nest.

A day later, the second egg hatched. The events were much the same as the day before, but this time, there was a day-old chick already in the nest. The sibling rivalry started immediately. The first chick pecked on the head of the second chick, and for a while, easily pushed the second chick aside during feeding times.

With the hatching of the chicks, both adult loons yodeled in chorus, announcing the birth of their family to the world. They swam near our boat seemingly to show off their new family.

First ride on mother's back.

Cozy place to rest.
Relaxing and enjoying the view.
Two cruising around with the mother.
From this point, the parents focused their attention on the needs and protection of their family. They stayed together, but not far from the nest. The chicks swam, fed, slept, and got stronger. By the end of the day, the loons had disappeared into the cover of the reeds, away from the prying eyes of potential predators. The next day, we occasionally saw the loons in the distance as we photographed other birds around the margins of the lake.

What a week! I could never have imagined being able to sit that close to a nesting loon and watch the birth of a new family in nature.

Mother enjoying a quiet swim without the kids.

Web links:
  Lac Le Jeune ( 
  John Timmis  ( 
  John Marriott  (